Dialysis is a treatment that can help you live well with End Stage Renal Disease Dialysis can substitute many of the healthy kidney functions. Dialysis enables people with kidney failure to live full, productive lives. There are 2 types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. More people are choosing home dialysis, which includes the nursing home setting, offering greater flexibility and better outcomes. The best dialysis option for you is the one that fits your health needs and lifestyle. Many people change dialysis types to fit with their changing lifestyle during some point in their long-term treatment.